Louvre Museum, Paris
Hammurabi of Babylon (reigned 1792-1750 B.C.E.) was the sixth Amorite ruler during the First Dynasty of Babylon. He extended his control over Kish, Sippar, Borsippa, Uruk, and Isin. He conquered Rim-Sin of Larsa 1822-1763 B.C.E.), and acquired Eshnunna. He conquered Assyria, as well. The result was complete control of all Mesopotamia by around 1755 B.C.E.
The Code of Hammurabi follows earlier codes of law implemented by Ur-Nammu of Ur (c. 2113-2096 B.C.E.), Lipit-Ishtar of Isin (c. 1934-1923 B.C.E.), and even Uruinimgina (c. 2351-2342 B.C.E.). These codes are extant in fragments.
This stone stele depicts Shamash, the sun god, investing the king with royal power. It stands about 7.4 ft tall.