The city-state of Ur is considered by many to be the home of the Biblical Abraham, the founding patriarch of the Israelites. Ur was a powerful city-state that reached the zenith of its strength during the 22nd century, B.C.E.
It grew significantly during the third millennium, B.C.E. Ur became part of the Akkadian Empire and became the capital of most of Mesopotamia around 2100 B.C.E. This is called the Third Dynasty of Ur by scholars and archaeologists. It is also known as the “Sumerian Renaissance”: a time when the arts flourished, great structures were built (including the Great Ziggurat of Ur), and the Sumerian language enjoyed a revival after its oppression by the Akkadian kings.
Most of the Free Library’s clay tablets are from the Ur III period.