Three votive cones


Uruk, Utuhegal ( reigned in Uruk before 2112 B.C.E.)

Utuhegal was a king of Uruk who ruled over southern Mesopotamia between the end of Shu-Durul’s reign and the beginnings of the Third Dynasty of Ur, which was established by Ur-Namma. Utuhegal was responsible for overthrowing the much-diminished Gutian power and paving the way for the founding of the Third Dynasty of Ur. The Gutians overthrew the Old Akkadian dynasty in 2154 B.C.E. They were possibly from southeastern Kurdistan, and had been a threat to the Akkadian empire for a number of years. The Gutians are often seen as barbarians or wild men by historians. There is not a written record of Gutian rule in Mesopotamia, although it is indirectly mentioned in other tablets.

These cones would have been placed in the walls or foundations of buildings built during Utuhegel’s time or commissioned by him directly.

FLP 2635.4, 2635.5, 2635.6

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About freelibraryrbd

The Rare Book Department is in the Parkway Central Library of the Free Library of Philadelphia.
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