Category Archives: Achaemenid Period (c. 559-330 B.C.E.)

Achaemenid Period (c. 559-330 B.C.E.)

The Achaemenid or Persian Empire was named after its legendary founder, Achaemenes. Cyrus II was the first king, who obtained control over most of Iran by conquering the Median king Astyages. He conquered Babylon in 539, which included most of … Continue reading

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Tomb of Xerxes

by user Roodiparse from Wikimedia Commons, commons.wikimedia.org The tomb of Xerxes the Great is in Naqsh-i-Rustam, Iran.

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How was the Code “Cracked?”

The discovery of meaning in Babylonian tablets was a process that continued over a 200-year period. The link was through Old Persian writings: for hundreds of years, visitors to Persepolis (near modern-day Shiraz in the Farsi Province of Iran) noticed … Continue reading

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Bisitun Inscriptions

photograph, public domain, from wikimedia commons This photograph shows an angle of the Bisitun Inscriptions as they were carved into the rockface of Mount Bisitun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran by order of Darius I (reigned 522-486 B.C.E.).

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The Story of a Girl Named Tablut

Achaemenid Marriage Tablets Three tablets in the Lewis Collection, FLP 628, 1457, and 1473, document blood marriage contracts within a closed group, or inter-family marriages. Caroline Waerzeggers of Ghent published and translated these tablets in a study she made in … Continue reading

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Marriage of Tablut’s sister, Aja-enqet, to Gimil-Šamaš

Reign of Cambyses II (529-522 B.C.E.) (1) (Concerning) one mina of silver, one šeqel of gold and bronze utensils, the dowry of Aja-enqet, daughter of Bēl-iddin//Maštuk, promised to Gimil-Šamaš/Rēmūt-Bēl/Šumu-libši by written account: (5) Rēmūt-Bēl/Nabû-ahhē-iddin/Šumu-libši, the father of Gimil-Šamaš, has received … Continue reading

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Marriage of Tablut and her mother’s brother Ardia

Eighth year of reign of Darius I (1) Two minas of silver, with one eighth alloy per šeqel, nuhhutu, unmarked, due to Iddinā/Mušēzib/Bēl by Iddin-Bēl/Ardia/Balīhu and Tablut/Bēl-iddin/Maštuk, the mother of Iddin-Bēl. (5) Nanā-šiminni, her slave, is pledged for 1 mina … Continue reading

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