Category Archives: Documents

Sale of an orchard

Clay tablet Early Dynastic Period IIIb (c. 2500-2330 B.C.E.) This is a list of various sales of orchards. The tablet is uninscribed on the reverse, and there is a hole bored through the center. FLP 54 Advertisements

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Field allocations from the Inanna-Zabalam Temple

Clay tablet Early Dynastic Period IIIb (c. 2500-2330 B.C.E.) Zabala was a city-state in Sumer (now the site of the Dhi Qar governorate in Iraq). The city’s goddess was Inanna, the Sumerian fertility goddess.  This document outlines the distribution of … Continue reading

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Account of wooden objects

Clay tablet Lagash I, Uruinimgina (Urukagina) (c. 2351-2342 B.C.E.) FLP 17

Posted in Cities, Documents, Lagash, Lagash I and II Periods (c. 2570-2342 B.C.E.), Uruinimgina (Urukagina) (c. 2351-2342 B.C.E.) | Leave a comment

Ration list

Clay tablet Lagash I, Uruinimgina (Urukagina) (c. 2351-2342 B.C.E.) This tablet has not received a line-by-line translation from a scholar, but it has been determined by scholars to be a ration list,  a document that records the dispersal of rations … Continue reading

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Agricultural text: Harvesting of Nippur

Clay tablet Lagash II, Gudea (c. 2141-2122 B.C.E.) A “gur” is a unit of measurement, the same idea as a cubic foot (of barley, wheat, water, or oil). A “gan” is a unit of area measurement. Translation: 210 less 2 … Continue reading

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Issues of barley for different purposes.

Clay tablet Akkadian period (c. 2340-2198 B.C.E.) This tablet is in Akkadian. Akkadian as the written language of choice, developed gradually during the Akkadian Empire.  Sumerian was retained as a classical language for certain texts, however, until the early Common … Continue reading

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Legal text

Clay tablet Akkadian period (c. 2340-2198 B.C.E.) FLP 82

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