Category Archives: Neo-Babylonian Period (625-539 B.C.E.)

Neo-Babylonian Period (625-539 B.C.E.)

Founded by Nabopolassar, the Neo-Babylonian empire succeeded the Neo-Assyrian empire (934-610 B.C.E.) in dominating the Mespotamian world.  Nabopolassar’s son Nebuchadnezzar II is the most famous king from this period: he built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and destroyed Jerusalem. Nabonidus … Continue reading

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Stamp seal

Translucent stone (chalcedony?) Neo-Babylonian period (625-539 B.C.E.) This seal would have been used as a personal stamp for impressing clay tablets, like a written signature. The image shows a man in front of an altar or podium.  On the podium … Continue reading

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Affidavit in three parts

Clay tablet Neo-Babylonian dynasty, Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562 B.C.E.). Sillaya, the son of Marduk-sarrani, has sworn an oath by the planet Jupiter, the star Sirius, and the majesty of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, as follows: I have not concealed any cattle; … Continue reading

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Garments for the gods

Clay tablet Neo-Babylonian period, Nabopolassar (reigned 625-605 B.C.E.) This text is an account of vestments made for the gods. Items listed are red wool, headwear, and a girdle or belt. The vestments were probably placed on statues. Nabopolassar was the … Continue reading

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Litigation Over Real Estate

Clay tablets Neo-Babylonian Period, Nebuchadnezzar II (598 B.C.E) Translation of Cuneiform Tablets 1523 and 1524 “Tablets are duplicates differing only in alignment” Anum-aha-usur, Ibaya, and Nabu-ahhe-usallim, the sons of Bel-nasir, spoke as follows to Qabu, the son of Nabu-nasir: The … Continue reading

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The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Nebuchadnezzar II (c. 630-562 B.C.E.), King of Babylon (605-562 B.C.E.) The most famous Babylonian ruler, Nebuchadnezzar II was a powerful king who annexed part of the Egyptian empire, built a great palace, and ordered the construction of one of the … Continue reading

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Excavation site of the Ishtar Gate

Richard Halliburton’s Second Book of Marvels, “The Orient” (1938) This photograph from 1938 shows the excavation site of the Ishtar Gate.

Posted in Monuments, Nebuchadnezzar II (588 B.C.E.), Neo-Babylonian Period (625-539 B.C.E.) | Leave a comment