Category Archives: Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.)

Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.)

Ishbi-Erra (reigned c. 2017-1985 B.C.E.), the king of Isin and an Amorite, gained control over Isin while he was an officer in Ibbi-Sin’s army (of the Third Dynasty of Ur).  He then seceded Isin from Ur, and aided Elam and … Continue reading

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Stele of Hammurabi

Stone stele Louvre Museum, Paris Hammurabi of Babylon (reigned 1792-1750 B.C.E.) was the sixth Amorite ruler during the First Dynasty of Babylon. He extended his control over Kish, Sippar, Borsippa, Uruk, and Isin. He conquered Rim-Sin of Larsa 1822-1763 B.C.E.), … Continue reading

Posted in Hammurabi (c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.), Monuments, Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.) | Leave a comment

Cylinder seal

Hematite Late Old Babylonian period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.), probably time of Hammurabi (reigned c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.) These female figures are lammas. A lamma is a generally anonymous, benevolent female deity in human form. These lammas have their hands raised to … Continue reading

Posted in Hammurabi (c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.), Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.), Seals | Leave a comment

Agricultural adminitrative archive texts

Clay tablets Old Babylonian period, Hammurabi (c. 1760 B.C.E.) These tablets are from the areas of Larsa and Lagash. They were studied and published by Maria deJong Ellis in 1977.   The tablets are reports by individual cultivators, or ishshakkus, regarding … Continue reading

Posted in Documents, Hammurabi (c. 1792-1750 B.C.E.), Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.) | Leave a comment

Sumerian proverb

Clay lentil-shaped tablet Old Babylonian period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.) This tablet was published by Gordon Douglas Young in 1972.  It explains the sun god’s antipathy toward the evildoer. Utu, the sun god, is the Sumerian name for this deity. Utu’s … Continue reading

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Two prophecy tablets

Old Babylonian period, Eshnunna dynasty, Ibalpiel II (c. 2200 B.C.E.) These two tablets are letters addressed to King Ibalpiel, and are purportedly by the goddess Kititum herself. This form of address is highly unusual, as tablets in temple archives are … Continue reading

Posted in Eshnunna dynasty, Ibalpiel II (c. 2200 B.C.E.), Old Babylonian Period (c. 2000-1600 B.C.E.), Prophecy | Leave a comment